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Welding Education: 2 Differences Between MIG/MAG and TIG Welding

Welding Education has become indispensable in metalworking and is one of the most widely used processes today. Of course, there are several reasons for this. On the one hand, there are various welding processes with which even major challenges do not cause any problems.


welding education
Welding Education


On the other hand, welding continues to develop and is considered one of the most popular processes in the metal industry. However, anyone who does not deal with the topic knows at most that sparks are generated during welding education.


But only a few people know how MIG and MAG welding differs from TIG welding. Many do not even have the understanding to describe the three types of welding. In the following, we would like to get to the heart of this topic. Based on 2 differences, we explain to you how MIG and MAG welding differs from TIG welding education.


MIG, MAG and TIG welding enjoy great popularity

Which type of welder is most popular? In case you didn't already know, MIG, MAG and TIG welding are the most popular types of welding education out there. Of course, MIG and MAG welding is similar. But even TIG welding is not so far away from the two types, although there are certain differences.


The term MIG welding stands for metal inert gas welding. This type of welding education is characterized by the properties of the fact that it is used with non-active gas. Most welders use argon gas as an aid in MIG welding. Argon gas is somewhat cheaper to buy and therefore MIG welding is also considered a cost-effective alternative to the other types of welding education.


The popularity of MIG welding, therefore, borders on the fact that it has a wide range of applications. MIG welding is mainly used for the processing of precious metals. If you want to weld workpieces made of aluminium, copper or stainless steel, the variant with metal inert gas is definitely the right one. Compared to the other two procedures, there are certain vacancies. But first of all, it is about the description of the TIG and MAG process.


MAG welding – Not to be confused with the MIG process

Many beginners make the mistake of confusing MAG welding with MIG welding. However, no precious metals are required for the MAG variant. If you don't know it – MAG stands as a term for metal active gas welding. This type of welding is mainly used for classic welding work.


In many cases, welders use an interplay of CO2 argon and CO2 gas in the MAG variant. A correct mixture is essential and crucial for quality. Only a correct mixture during welding ensures that no oxygen can get into the material.


A tip: You can use oxygen as a welder. This stabilizes the arc and achieves significantly better results. Accordingly, the MIG process can only be compared with MAG welding to a limited extent.


The Differences of TIG Welding

What is difference between TIG and MIG welding? In the context of MIG and MAG welding, TIG welding (watch the YouTube video) shows that there are larger vacancies. TIG stands for tungsten inert gas welding and is by no means comparable to the MIG variant. The situation is different at the MAG – there are certain similarities here.


However, no wire protrudes in TIG welding education because a tungsten electrode is used. The electrode takes over the identical function of the wire but is used melting.


In addition, TIG welding differs from the other methods in terms of procedure. Thus, no argon or a gas mixture is used.


What is TIG welding?

What is TIG welding used for? Anyone who deals with welding will sooner or later inevitably be confronted with TIG welding. Especially when machining various pipes, this process is a wonderful solution.


TIG welding has long since established itself within the various types of processes. Tungsten inert gas welding is a process that belongs to the group of fusion welding.


TIG welding is considered a universally applicable solution. Most welders use the process due to the excellent workmanship. In the following, we explain the topic in more detail and discuss the most important advantages of this type of procedure.


These properties characterize TIG welding

Clean seams and almost no resulting gases – TIG welding enjoys incredible popularity for many reasons. If users opt for this type of welding, significantly fewer splashes occur.


In contrast to other welding solutions, TIG welding is also ideal for health reasons. Another property also speaks for TIG welding – we are talking about the electrode.


During MIG and MAG welding, the electrode does not melt. These are the basic properties that clearly speak for the use of TIG welding.


How does TIG welding work?

Is TIG welding harder than MIG? TIG welding is perfect for pipes, but some users also use it for other workpieces. The operating principle is absolutely simple, although users have to distinguish between 2 variants of this method.


On the one hand, there is TIG welding with direct current. This is the more commonly used variant in which the electrode is located on the negative pole. TIG welding is used, among other things, to process non-ferrous metal. TIG welding with direct current is also recommended for welding copper or brass.


Otherwise, there is a second variant with TIG welding with alternating current. This type is mainly used for the processing of light metals. Basically, however, it can be stated that users can process any metal suitable for fusion welding with TIG welding.


The advantages of TIG welding

Apart from the characteristic properties, there are a number of other amenities that speak in favour of TIG welding. On the one hand, this process is blessed with high precision.


Another advantage of TIG welding is that users can machine the workpieces in almost all positions. Thanks to the use of the integrated gases of argon and helium, no slag is produced, which is another advantage of this type of process.


The speed of the type of welding is another reason that clearly speaks for the use of TIG welding. The speed mentioned above also means that the heat is distributed. In contrast to other processes, deformations of the workpieces are no problem. Since most TIG welding machines are equipped with attractive wearing comfort, welders can process the workpieces from almost all common positions.


Why is TIG welding so popular?

What are 3 advantages of TIG welding? Quality and speed are two decisive aspects that clearly speak in favour of TIG welding. But these are just a few of the advantages that speak in favour of the procedure.


Depending on the application, hobby welders have the option of throwing the workpieces with or without additional wire.


There are two further advantages to the use of TIG welding. This means that no welding fumes are produced and users do not have to accept any residues either.


On a professional level, this type of welding can be easily automated. With other methods, however, this is not quite as easy to do. However, newcomers to welding should take into account that appropriate basic technical knowledge is required.


Over the years, this type of welding process has constantly evolved. It is now used in many industrial sectors and has become one of the most popular processes. TIG welding is particularly popular in the DIY sector. With appropriate care and precision, users can produce excellent welds.


Keyword: Welding education